- The 20th century
- Key events
- Making sense of the tangible world
- Health and Welfare
- Space exploration
- Scientific advancement: computers, technology & textiles
- Democracy & social mobility
- Transport and leisure
- Colonialism & post-colonialism
- Sexuality, marriage, parenthood & divorce
- Income & consumerism
- Humans and the environment
- Educational context
- Mass culture & entertainment
- The world of work
- Making sense of the intangible world
In the early years of the twentieth century, over seven million people in the United Kingdom described themselves as practising Christians. They constituted around 17% of the population. During the century this statistic decreased, until, by 2000 only around 12% of UK citizens actively observed the Christian faith.
- The long-term legacy of eighteenth century rationalism
- The impact of the First World War. The mainstream Christian churches backed the war effort and lost credibility as the war dragged on with huge loss of life and little to show for it (see The First World War)
- The impact of scientific discoveries, particularly in biology
- Rising standards of living, which made people less concerned with life after death
- Growing individualism (see Post-Modernism & individualism).
- The Christian view of the nature of the universe and the place of mankind within it became less widely accepted
- British society became more pluralistic, particularly in the second half of the century
- Christian views on ethical and moral questions became increasingly marginalised, particularly in the last quarter of the century as Post-Modernists dispensed with external ‘truth-claims’.
The impact of multiculturalism on traditional practice
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