Hopkins, Gerard Manley Timeline

Year Historical Literary Author
1844 Co-operative Society founded in Rochdale
Factory Act (women and children)
Expansion of railways across Britain
Disraeli's Coningsby, or The New Generation published Hopkins born on 28th July
1845 John Henry Newman converts to Catholicism
Financial speculation in Railways
Onset of the Irish potato famine
The first Anglican sisterhood, Park Village, is founded in the Christ Church parish
Disraeli's Sybil, or The Two Nations published
E. A. Poe, Tales of Mystery and Imagination
1846 Repeal of Corn Laws
Famine in Ireland
Whigs come to Power
1847 Railway reaches Dorchester
Ten Hours' Factory Act
Disraeli's Tancred
1848 Chartist demonstrations in London following by the collapse of the Chartist movement
Democratic Revolutions in Europe.
Cholera epidemic
Public Health Act
Pre-Raphaelite Brotherhood founded
Marx and Engels' Communist Manifesto
Newman's Loss and Gain
1849 Bedford College for Women founded Charles Kingsley's Alton Locke
1850 Roman Catholic hierarchy established
Public Libraries Act
Charles Kingsley, Alton Locke
Nathaniel Hawthorne, The Scarlet Letter
1851 Great Exhibition in London
Taylor Mill's The Enfranchisement of Women
Ruskin's Stones of Venice

Uncle Tom's Cabin, Harriet Beecher Stowe

1852 Hopkins' family move to Hampstead
1853 Cholera epidemic
Crimean War
Yonge's Heir of Redclyffe
1854 Onset of Crimean War Hopkins attends Highgate Grammar School
1855 Daily Telegraph
Repeal of stamp duty on newspapers
Elizabeth Gaskell, North and South
1856 Crimean War ends Dickens, Little Dorrit
1857 Railway extended to Weymouth
Indian Mutiny
Divorce and Matrimonial Causes Act
Gustave Flaubert's Madame Bovary
Hughes' Tom Brown's School days
Elizabeth Barrett Browning, Aurora Leigh
1858 Ballantyne's Coral Island
English Woman's Journal begins
George Eliot, Scenes of Clerical Life
1859 Charles Darwin's The Origin of Species published
Rise of movement for Home Rule in Ireland
Smiles' Self Help published
Mill's On Liberty
1860 Cornhill Magazine begins
1861 Death of Prince Consort
American Civil War begins
Dickens, Great Expectations
Beeton's Book of Household Management
Wood's East Lynne
1862 Braddon's Lady Audley's Secret
1863 The Oxford Declaration published Kingsley's The Water Babies Hopkins enters Balliol College, Oxford University
1864 John Henry Newman's Apologia Pro Vita Sua
1865 American Civil War ends
Women's Suffrage Campaign
Transatlantic cable laid
Joseph Lister establishes antiseptic surgery
Completion of St. Pancras' railway station
Slavery is abolished in the USA
Matthew Arnold's Essays in Criticism
1866 Cholera epidemic
Former slaves granted citizenship and equal rights in America
Ku Klux Klan founded
Swinburne's Poems and Ballads (dedicated to Rossetti) published Newman receives Hopkins into the Catholic Church in October
1867 Second Reform Act
Fenian Rising in Ireland
Marx's Das Kapital published
George Eliot's Felix Holt, the Radical
1868 Gladstone becomes Prime Minister Hopkins enters the Jesuit order
1869 Opening of Suez Canal
Mill's The Subjection of Women
Arnold's Culture and Anarchy
Blackmore's Lorna Doone
1870 Education Act: free education in new board schools
First Married Women's Property Act
Dante Gabriel Rossetti, Poems Studies at Stoneyhurst
1871 Trade Union Act
Darwin's The Descent of Man
1872 MacDonald's The Princess and the Goblin
1873 Mill's Autobiography
Pater's Studies in the Renaissance
Hopkins teaches at Roehampton
1874 Hopkins studies at St. Bueno's near St. Asaph, North Wales
1875 Gilbert & Sullivan's Trial by Jury Hopkins writes The Wreck of the Deutschland
1876 Invention of telephone by Alexander Graham Bell
Queen Victorian proclaimed Empress of India
1877 Hopkins writes God's Grandeur; The Windhover; Pied Beauty
1878 Gramophones first produced by Thomas Edison
Newman made Cardinal
Revolutions in Europe
Hardy's Return of the Native published
Gilbert and Sullivan's HMS Pinafore
Hopkins teaching at Stonyhurst and London
1879 Electric lightbulb invented George Meredith's The Egoist published Hopkins in Oxford. Writes Binsey Poplars; Duns Scotus' Oxford etc
1880 (-1881) First Boer War, also known as the Transvaal War Hardy's The Trumpet Major is published Hopkins writes Felix Randal. Lives in Liverpool
1881 First Anglo-Boer War Hardy's A Laodicean published
Dante Gabriel Rossetti, Ballads and Sonnets
Uncle Remus series, J C Harris 

First commercial production of electricity

Married Women's Property Act, enables women to buy, own and sell property and to keep their own earnings
Hopkins writes Ribblesdale. Lives in Stonyhurst
1883 Fabian Society founded

Nietzsche, Also Sprach Zarathrustra

1884 Ruskin's Storm Cloud of the Nineteenth-Century
Huckleberry Finn, Mark Twain

Hopkins goes to University College, Dublin as professor

1885 Haggard's King Solomon's Mines Hopkins writes the Terrible Sonnets
1887 Queen Victoria's Golden Jubilee celebrating 50 years of her reign Haggard's Allan Quartermain
1888 Jack the Ripper murders five women in London
Arts and Crafts Exhibition Society
Arnold's Essays in Criticism (Second Series) Hopkins writes That Nature Is a Heraclitean Fire
1889 Newman dies Death of Gerard Manley Hopkins Hopkins writes Thou Art Indeed Just, Lord; in April contracts typhoid fever, then dies on June 8th
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