In addition to the biblical account of the Creation, Adam and Eve and the Fall, the Greek myth of Prometheus also gave an explanation for the development of humanity. The myth says that:
Zeus, the supreme god of the Greeks (known to the Romans as Jupiter) asked Prometheus to create humanity from mud and water
Prometheus (whose name means ‘forethought') became a great benefactor to mankind, teaching them architecture, astronomy, navigation, medicine and a number of other useful skills
Prometheus later played a trick on Zeus, who retaliated by withholding the gift of fire from mankind. But Prometheus defied Zeus and stole fire from heaven to bring to earth. As a punishment, Prometheus was bound to a rock and every day a giant eagle ate his liver, which was miraculously renewed every night. He was eventually rescued from his suffering by Hercules, the Greek hero
As a further punishment, Zeus caused the beautiful but thoughtless Pandora to open a jar in which were imprisoned all the ills that afflict humanity – illness, old age, the need to labour, insanity and vice.
Admiration for Prometheus
Prometheus' daring in stealing fire from the gods made him an admired figure among writers of the Romantic and later generations. The German writer Goethe (see Literary context: The monster's reading: Plutarch, Milton and Goethe) wrote about Prometheus in the 1770s, seeing him as a figure representing humanity's creative powers and the revolt against social and political restraint. The romantic poet Samuel Taylor Coleridge wrote a critical essay about the play Prometheus, written by the Greek dramatist Aeschylus.
Shelley's Prometheus Unbound
Prometheus Unbound follows the view taken by Goethe in seeing Prometheus as a heroic figure who defies the tyranny of the gods on behalf of humanity. It is a kind of political allegory, aimed at the political oppressions of the day, and also concerns science and psychology.
In the Bible, 'creation' can mean both the process by which the universe was made by God and the created order which emerged.
According to Genesis (the first book of the Old Testament), Adam is the first human being, made in the image / likeness of God, placed in the Garden of Eden and given dominion over the earth.
According to the book of Genesis in the Bible the first woman, said to have been created by God out of Adam's rib, to be his companion.
The disobedience of Adam and Eve in the Bible is known as the Fall of Humankind. Christians believe that humans from then on have had a a predispostion to disobey God.
Prometheus ' creator of the human race; punished by Zeus for giving man fire.
Son of Cronos, ruler and chief of the Greek gods, originally a sky-god. (Roman name: Jupiter.)
Chief of the Roman gods. (Greek name, Zeus.)
Roman hero, famous for his Twelve Labours; he was deified after his death. (Greek name, Heracles.)
Pandora ' she brought evil to mankind by opening her box against instructions.
In English Literature, it denotes a period between 1785-1830, when the previous classical or enlightenment traditions and values were overthrown, and a freer, more individual mode of writing emerged.
(1772-1834) Samuel Taylor Coleridge was a poet, critic and philosopher and as a close friend of William Wordsworth was associated with the earliest phase of poetic Romanticism.
A Greek tragedy writer, often called the Father of Tragedy.
A non-realistic genre of literature whereby characters or episodes systematically represent a certain belief system. Interpretation of allegory can involve two or more levels of meaning.