Tess of the d'Urbervilles Contents
- Social / political context
- Religious / philosophical context
- Chapters 1-9
- Chapters 10-19
- Chapters 20-29
- Chapters 30-39
- Chapters 40-49
- Chapters 50-59
- Tess as a 'Pure Woman'
- Tess as a secular pilgrim
- Tess as a victim
- The world of women
- Tess as an outsider
- Coincidence, destiny and fate
- Disempowerment of the working class
- Heredity and inheritance
- Laws of nature vs. laws of society
- Nature as sympathetic or indifferent
- Patterns of the past
- Sexual predation
- Inner conflicts: body against soul
What is meant by ‘narrative'?
Narrative is the way in which the story is told by the narrator. The narrator is not always the same as the author or writer, whose voice sometimes intrudes through the narrative. Hardy made no conscious effort to distinguish author and narrator in his novels, but sometimes there is an unconscious difference that can lead to ambiguity or confusion. The author and the narrator sometimes do feel and believe slightly different things. But for all practical purposes at this stage, this is not something you need to analyse closely.
Narrative in this guide
Narrative is sometimes divided into style and structure. In this guide, structure will be looked at in a separate section. The section on narrative covers the following:
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