A-Z: General definitions: Elizabeth I


The last Tudor monarch, Queen of England from 1558 – 1603, also known as The Virgin Queen, Good Queen Bess and Gloriana; born in 1533, the daughter of Henry VIII and his second wife, Anne Boleyn (beheaded in Elizabeth’s infancy). During her reign she further established the English Protestant church (Church of England) and the defeat of the Spanish Armada in 1588 was a significant military victory.  The Elizabethan era was noted for the developments in drama led by playwrights such as William Shakespeare and Christopher Marlowe and adventurous overseas expeditions of Francis Drake and others.

Portrait of Elizabeth I to commemorate the defeat of the Armada (1588) 

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