A-Z: General definitions: Apostle


The twelve disciples chosen and commissioned by Jesus to share his mission. The original twelve apostles were: Simon Peter, James and John, Andrew, Philip, Bartholomew, Matthew, Thomas, James (son of Alphaeus), Thaddaeus (or Jude), Simon the Zealot & Judas Iscariot (Mark 3:14-19). Their essential qualifications were that they had accompanied Jesus during his minstry on earth and had witnessed his resurrection. Matthias was chosen to replace Judas after his suicide. Paul also claimed to be an apostle after Jesus appeared to him (Acts 9:17).


Greek: Apostolos, 'sent out'.
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