A-Z: General definitions: Poetry
One of the main genres of literature, wherein words are arranged as verse, in lines patterned in some way either by rhythm, metre, alliteration or rhyme. As opposed to prose, its main connections are often through imagery and tropes rather than argument. Its language is figurative rather than literal.
A French word meaning type or class. A major division of type or style in an art-form. A sub-genre is a lesser division. The main literary genres are novel, short story, comedy, tragedy, epic and lyric.
1. A line of poetry. 2. A stanza of poetry. 3. One of the sections into which a chapter of the Bible is divided. 3. Can refer to poetry as a whole. 4. The compositions of a particular author
A line of poetry is significantly different from a line of prose, in that it is constructed deliberately as a pattern unit of meaning, surrounded by space. References and quotations from poetry are usually given by line numbers. A line of argument, u
The musical effect of the repetition of stresses or beats, and the speed or tempo at which these may be read.
The particular measurement in a line of poetry, determined by the pattern of stressed and unstressed syllables (in some languages, the pattern of long and short syllables). It is the measured basis of rhythm.
Alliteration is a device frequently used in poetry or rhetoric (speech-making) whereby words starting with the same consonant are used in close proximity- e.g. 'fast in fires', 'stars, start'.
The device, frequently used at the ends of lines in poetry, where words with the same sound are paired, sometimes for contrast ' for example, 'breath' and 'death'.
In written text, the ordinary plain form of language, not organised into verse form. It is often contrasted with the term 'poetry'.
Figure of speech in which a person or object or happening is described in terms of some other person, object or action, either by saying X is Y (metaphor); or X is like Y (simile). In each case, X is the original, Y is the image.
(1) An image or figure. (2) A brief elaboration of a passage of scripture
In literature, words are used in a non-literal sense much of the time, to make the language striking and persuasive. Sounds are also carefully arranged to have certain effects. This is all figurative language.
Referring to the meaning of a statement: that there is nothing figurative about it.