A-Z: General definitions: Paul
Also known as the 'Apostle to the Gentiles' (d. c. CE 65). Born Saul of Tarsus, a Jew and Roman citizen. His initial hostility to the Early Church was overcome by his conversion on the road to Damascus. Using the Roman version of his name, Paul travelled through Asia Minor and into Europe preaching to both Jews and Gentiles. He was eventually arrested and taken to trial in Rome. Tradition holds that he was executed during the persecution of Christians under the emperor Nero. The New Testament letters which carry his name explain the belief that salvation is a gift from God made possible by the death of Jesus on the cross which is to be accepted by faith. He also stressed that this forgiveness is available to Jews and non-Jews alike.
The twelve disciples chosen and commissioned by Jesus to share his mission.
Name given to non-Jews.
The Hebrew name of Paul who was born in Tarsus, a provincial capital of the Roman Empire.
1) In the Bible a member of the Hebrew race
2) Someone who belongs to the Jewish faith which believes in one God and the importance of Jewish Law.
Term used to describe the first centuries of the growth of the Christian church, initially in Jerusalem and then across the Roman Empire.
1.To change from one faith or belief system to another; or from no faith to a faith.
2. Used in Christianity to describe the process of change in an individual who repents (turns from sin) and has faith in (turns towards) Jesus Christ.
The scene of the dramatic conversion of Paul in the Acts of the Apostles in the New Testament. The term is used as a metaphor for a life changing event / revelation / decision.
Name originally given to disciples of Jesus by outsiders and gradually adopted by the Early Church.
A 'testament' is a covenant (binding agreement), a term used in the Bible of God's relationship with his people. The New Testament is the second part of the Christian Bible. Its name comes from the new covenant or relationship with God.
In the Bible, salvation is seen as God's commitment to save or rescue his people from sin (and other dangers) and to establish his kingdom.
The Bible describes God as the unique supreme being, creator and ruler of the universe.
The name given to the man believed by Christians to be the Son of God. Also given the title Christ, meaning 'anointed one' or Messiah. His life is recorded most fully in the Four Gospels.
1. Instrument of execution used in the Roman Empire.
2. The means by which Jesus Christ was put to death and therefore the primary symbol of the Christian faith, representing the way in which he is believed to have won forgiveness for humankind.
Belief and trust in someone or something.
1. The action of forgiving; pardon of a fault, remission of a debt.
2. Being freed from the burden of guilt, after committing a sin or crime, through being pardoned by the one hurt or offended.