More on the power of the Church


Because of its link with Rome, services in the Catholic Church world-wide (an area known as Christendom) were always held in Latin, the language of the Romans. A Christian traveller could go anywhere within Christendom and hear the same service. Latin had become the international language:

  • The language of religion in Europe
  • Therefore, the language of scholarship.

The papacy also exercised considerable political power during the Middle Ages and the early Renaissance. Some Popes raised armies and went to war as a result of frequent disagreements among the kingdoms and empires of France, Spain, Holland, Germany and England, all of which were exacerbated during the Reformation.

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