Wuthering Heights Contents
- Chapter 1
- Chapter 2
- Chapter 3
- Chapter 4
- Chapter 5
- Chapter 6
- Chapter 7
- Chapter 8
- Chapter 9
- Chapter 10
- Chapter 11
- Chapter 12
- Chapter 13
- Chapter 14
- Chapter 15
- Chapter 16
- Chapter 17
- Chapter 18
- Chapter 19
- Chapter 20
- Chapter 21
- Chapter 22
- Chapter 23
- Chapter 24
- Chapter 25
- Chapter 26
- Chapter 27
- Chapter 28
- Chapter 29
- Chapter 30
- Chapter 31
- Chapter 32
- Chapter 33
- Chapter 34
Narrators: Lockwood, and Catherine through her writing.
Lockwood stays overnight. He reads Catherine Earnshaw’s book which he finds, falls asleep and dreams about the names he has read. He has a nightmare in which he reaches through a broken window and grasps an icy hand. Seeing a ghostly child’s face, he awakes with a scream. Heathcliff enters the room, very agitated and throws Lockwood out. The next morning, Heathcliff escorts Lockwood back through the snow to Thrushcross Grange.
More names and other details are introduced to intrigue Lockwood and the reader. This chapter is a key one in terms of understanding the role that the supernatural plays in the novel, and therefore in exploring the Gothic.
She did not know: Brontë holds back information she does not want the reader to have yet.
Catherine Earnshaw… Heathcliff… Linton: deliberate confusion over characters, which is typical of Gothic literature, and which intrigues both Lockwood and the reader.
A glare of white letters: as well as introducing a ghostly atmosphere, it is difficult to be sure from this point when exactly Lockwood is dreaming and when he is awake: more ambiguity.
Catherine Earnshaw, her book: here we see books as something used to record feelings as well as to be read. (See Imagery and symbolism > Books.) Much that Lockwood reads here gives us hints and names that as yet make only partial sense.
Scroop: back cover of a book.
Owd Nick: the devil.
Seventy times seven: the symbolic number of times that, according to Jesus in the New Testament, people should forgive each other (Matthew 18:21-22). Ironic, since there is little forgiveness in this novel.
Terror made me cruel: even Lockwood is not immune from the violence which affects everyone in Wuthering Heights.
If the little fiend…: Heathcliff is prepared to accept Lockwood’s presence in the room until he mentions the girl at the window. As we realise later, this is bound to torment him.
Grimalkin: an old cat often used for a witch’s familiar (such as in Act I, sc 1 of Macbeth). A neat Gothic touch by Brontë.
Orisons: prayers (used ironically).
Reading a book: Cathy shows her education by occupying herself in reading; Heathcliff calls it ‘trash’.
Investigating Chapter 3
- Catherine’s diary provides another, second-hand, narrative voice. What is the effect of this technique?
- What is the effect of the blurring of dream and reality in this chapter?
- Can the reader tell where the boundary lies?
- English Standard Version
- King James Version
- English Standard Version
- King James Version
It was spring – the time when, traditionally, the kings marched out to wage their wars. But this year, David stayed in Jerusalem and sent out his army under the command of Joab instead.
One night, unable to sleep, David was walking on the palace roof when he saw a woman bathing. He thought she was beautiful and found out she was Bathsheba, the wife of one of his soldiers, Uriah, who was away with the army. He sent for her and they went to bed together. Soon, Bathsheba told David that she was pregnant. So he thought of a way to cover up what he had done. He sent for Uriah to return to Jerusalem, under the pretext of asking him how the battle was going. When they had talked, he told Uriah to go home – hoping that he would sleep with his wife.
But Uriah stayed at the palace, sleeping with the King’s other servants. ‘Why didn’t you go home last night?’ David asked him in the morning. ‘After all, you’ve been away from home for ages.’
‘The Ark of the Covenant, my master Joab and all of your other soldiers are sleeping rough and in danger. How could I go home and enjoy myself?’ Uriah told him. So David asked him to stay longer and that night made sure he was drunk. But Uriah still did not visit his wife.
So David had to change his tactics. He sent a message to Joab back with Uriah, asking the commander to make sure Uriah was in the thick of the battle, on the frontline. ‘Then, tell the other soldiers to withdraw and leave him exposed,’ he wrote. Joab carried out these orders – and Uriah was killed.
David now felt safe. He and Bathsheba were married. But God knew what he had done and he was angry with him. He sent his prophet, Nathan, who told a parable that showed David how wrong he had been. David understood how he had displeased God. In one of his prayers, he asked God to forgive him: ‘Have mercy on me, God in your great love … Wash away the wrong I have done and make me clean once more … I know what I have done … I have sinned against you … You desire truth in the heart of a person.’
The story illustrates:
- The belief that God is omniscient
- That God’s people must act with integrity at all times
- That God see and judges sin, but also forgives those who are sorry for their wrongdoing.
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