A-Z: General definitions: Old Testament


A 'testament' is a covenant or binding agreement and is a term used in the Bible of God's relationship with his people. The sacred writings of Judaism (the Hebrew Bible). These also form the first part of the Christian Bible in which they are described as the Old Testament and set alongside the New Testament. The Old Testament contains: a) Books of the Law: Genesis, Exodus, Leviticus, Numbers, Deuteronomy. b) Historical books: Joshua, Judges, Ruth, 1 Samuel & 2 Samuel, 1 Kings & 2 Kings, 1 Chronicles & 2 Chronicles, Ezra, Nehemiah, Esther. c) Books of poetry: Psalms , Song of Songs. d) Wisdom Literature: Proverbs, Job, Ecclesiastes. e) The prophets: Isaiah, Jeremiah (with Lamentations), Ezekiel, Daniel, Hosea, Joel, Amos, Obadiah, Jonah, Micah, Nahum, Habakkuk, Zephaniah, Haggai, Zechariah, Malachi.

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See: How the Bible came into being

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